This is a condition where an individual cannot refrain from the urge to steal and pick other people’s items without permission. The most interesting thing relating to this condition is that unlike the ordinary theft, people with this condition do not take so as to benefit from whatever they steal. They steal just because of an inner pressure caused by an impulse control disorder. It is, however, not conventionally agreed that kleptomania is a condition resulting from any psychological mechanisms. Some researchers have strongly opposed this and believe that it is just minor theft. At some instance, it has been seen to be a legal defense mechanism that is exploited by wealthy people to keep their loved ones out of prison after they get involved in looting crimes.
Signs and symptoms
There have been a lot of researches being conducted to show if it is disorder; there are many traits that strongly point to the same. One is the fact that some people are unable to keep intrusion thoughts off their minds. Second there is the impotence to reject the urge to engage in stealing. Once the patient has done the act, there is that release of pressure. These make the disease be a form of disorder in which a patient is obsessive in his actions and work. People who have been diagnosed with this form of the disorder often have another form of the disease that involve around his anxiety, drug use, mood and impulse control. They also experience stress, remorse and guilt and private issues of stealing that are of great levels.
Although the primary cause of the disease hasn’t been recognized, there has been a range of therapeutic approaches used in its treatment. These methods include the behavioral therapy, psychoanalytically oriented psychotherapy, and the pharmacotherapy. Psychoanalytic approach perceives the condition as a defense mechanism that brings out an ego against prohibited desires, anxiety, unaccomplished struggles or a sexual excitement through a forbidden sex drive that brings about orgasm during the act of stealing. This approach believes in a continued dynamic therapy for some years. Behavioral approaches aim to change the cognitive perception of the patient through methods like aversion therapy, systematic desensitization and hidden sensitization by use of unpleasant pictures. The use of electroconvulsive therapy and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor which is a type of antidepressant has been used together with lithium and valproic acid as a form of drug treatment for Kleptomania patients.